[Rundweg Religion]

Dorsten's History - Station 1: Franciscan Monastery Translation Lyn

Although the friars have all retired, they are by no means inactive. Many pastoral
and other duties keep them fully occupied, despite their age. Only the most
important duties are shown here:

The charitable social work must not remain unmentioned. Every weekday from
08:30 to 09:30, between 10 and 15 needy and homeless people receive food at
the doors of the monastery. In addition to that, it is not just a few who request
assistance at other times of the day.

Apart from the two short compulsory dissolutions during the Thirty Years' War
and during the "Kulturkampf", the Franciscans have been in Dorsten since 1488
and at the same place where the monastery and church stand, today.



Bartholomew Diaz sails around the Cape of Good Hope

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1488

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Following the consent of Pope Innocence, Hermann IV, Archbishop of Cologne,
agrees to the plans of the Franciscans "to start building a new monastery, to add a
chapel, from which to build a church."

The “New World” is divided between Spain and Portugal.

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1493

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The construction of the new monastery is sufficiently completed, so that fourteen
priests, four friars, a deacon and a sub-deacon can live there. The church will be
built in the following years.

Galileo Galilei is forced to make a revocation of his findings.

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1633

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The Franciscans have to leave Dorsten, following the occupation of the town by the
Hessians. The monastery is used for the storage of army materials and supplies.

School buildings of the Petrinum Grammar School 1642

1642

_

The Franciscans return to their monastery after the emperor's troops have
regained the town for the Archbishop of Cologne. Together with the town of
Dorsten, they establish the Petrinum Grammar School.

In the Holy Roman Empire provinces of German nations, the prince-bishoprics are abolished and many monasteries are dissolved.

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1803

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The monastery in Dorsten is retained but it is banned from admitting novices up
until 1843.

Clashes between Bismarck and the Catholic Church (The Kulturkampf)

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1875

_

The monastery is closed. The Provincial at that time, Father Gregor Janknecht of
Kirchellen, established two ecclesiastical provinces in the USA and from 1891
onwards, two in Brazil.

1887

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The religious order resumes its activities.

1902/ 1903

_

The monastery, which accommodates the order's own college of theology and
philosophy until the end of World Wor II, is newly constructed.

The united nations (un) are founded

The Monastery before its Destruction.

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1945

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The church and monastery are destroyed by the air-raid carried out by the Allied
Forces on 22nd March.

The doctor, Albert Schweitzer, receives the Nobel Peace Prize.

Franciscan Church 1952

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1952

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The new Franciscan church, built with the help of people of the town, is officially
opened / consecrated.

The number of Franciscan monks decreases during the following years and the
church buildings show signs of decay, so that, as a consequence, the monastery
and the church are rebuilt in diminshed form.

The next conference meeting for security and co-operation in Europe takes place.

_

1977/ 1978

_

The newly-built monastery and church are officially opened/consecrated.

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Daten und Fakten

Eröffnung - 18. August 2001

Adresse - Franciscan Church, Lippestraße

Geodaten - 51°39'40.0 6°57'48.2



The starting date was 18th August 2001

Mayor Lütkenhorst welcomes the initiative of the club to have the first of the over
30 planned "History Stations" erected at this place.

Following the official opening ceremony of the "History Station" about the
Franciscan Monastery, they, plus their pupils are guests of the Franciscan monks.

We are thankfully given support for both actions by the Imping bakery and by
regular monetary donations from the "LC Dorsten Hanse" ("Lions Club of the
Hanseatic town of Dorsten) and by many others, who make a donation at the
monastery doors.

We are dependent on this because we Franciscans living in Dosten are retired
and have no regular income. We have, however, worked all our lives for the
order, which is our assurance.